Uflistsikhe is situated 8 km east of town Gori. The ancient town lies on the left bank of the river Mtkvari near the village Kvakhvreli. Uflistsikhe is one of the ancient rock-hewn town and interesting place for tourists in Georgia. . it contains various structures dating from the Early Iron Age to the Late Middle Ages, and is notable for the unique combination of various styles of rock-cut cultures from Anatolia and Iran, as well as the co-existence of pagan and Christian architecture.
The ancient town contains various structures of rock-hewn halls, storerooms and separated buildings dating from different times.
Uflistsikhe was the residence of local tribal leader and was so called because of his great authority. Uflistsikhe means-Uflis-Lord’s Fortress-Town.
According to legend Uflistsikhe was built by slaves. Pickaxes were given to them half of which was covered with iron and the other half in gold. They were using those pickaxes to cave rocks.
Slaves had to wear out simple metal while caving , after which , they would get freedom and golden part of pickaxe as a present.
Uflistsikhe was linked to the Silk Road, which passed through it. You can see the traces of the wheeled transport here.
In ancient times, there were up to 700 caves but today only 150 are preserved.
The church which is built on the rock without any foundation withstood the earthquake in 1920. They say builders used egg’s heart while constructing it, which gives strength to the walls. Temple has been damaged and repaired for many times.
Here you can see donation pitchers outside the church. When a child was born in the family , they filled a pitch with wine and when the child was 16 the pitch was taken to the church and was left there.
Ones Uflistsikhe, the great fortress now is the open – air museum.