Uplitsikhe is an ancient rock-hewn town in eastern Georgia, some 10 kilometers east of the town of Gori, Shida Kartli.It is originally called “The Temple of the Gods”
It is notable for the unique combination of various styles of rock-cut cultures from Anatolia and Iran, as well as the co-existence of pagan and Christian architecture.
On the river bank of Mtkvari you find the monumental ancient cave-village Uplistsikhe from the 1st millennium BC. The city was a powerful religious, political and cultural center in the Hellenistic and late Antique periods. Streets, churches, palaces, concert halls and living quarters were carved into the an impressive sight together with the extremely beautiful and breathtaking surroundings.mountain. Originally it consisted of more than 700 caves. Today only 150 remains. In archaeological research, a large number of other temples and accessories related to the goddess of the sun, worshiped before the coming of Christianity, have been discovered.After the establishment of Christianity in Georgia in 337, the role and importance of the city decreased.
The appearance of the city
The Uplistsikhe complex can tentatively be divided into three parts: south (lower), middle (central) and north (upper) covering an area of approximately 8 hectares. The middle part is the largest, contains a bulk of the Uplistsikhe rock-cut structures, and is connected to the southern part via a narrow rock-cut pass and a tunnel. Narrow alleys and sometimes staircases radiate from the central “street” to the different structures.
The majority of the caves are devoid of any decorations, although some of the larger structures have coffered tunnel-vaulted ceilings, with the stone carved in imitation of logs. Some of the larger structures also have niches in the back or sides, which may have been used for ceremonial purposes.
At the head of the complex there is a stone building with a special architectural style dating back to the ninth and tenth centuries. The Rocky Stone City has the oldest dam, pharmacy, market, amphitheater, the old church known as San Giorgi, temples, jail, dungeons, and hundreds of other spectacular sights in the world.