A hotel or guesthouse is a kind of rented residential property that is usually rented to people for a short time. Hotels are considered to be residential and tourist destinations of the city and are most often used by travelers and tourists. The hotels have a large number of rooms, sometimes several hundred rooms. In addition to rooms and suites, the hotels have various side-features. Restaurants , swimming pools, coffee shops and meeting rooms are examples of hotel facilities.
Usually the hotel’s guests are accommodated in rooms and suites with a separate bed, separate toilet and bathroom. Single and twin rooms have more customers.
The hotel is derived from the French word hôtel, which is hôte itself hosted . The hôtel in France refers to a building that has a lot of visitors. But with the introduction of the word in English and then its extension into other languages, the functional meaning of the hotel has been transformed and is nowadays a special type of accommodation for travelers.
Background in Iran
The works of the ancient hills and other places of the Iranian plateau indicate that there has been a long history of travel between prehistoric tribes, and due to such interactions and movements, the characteristics of cultures have been transferred from one civilization to another. During the Elamites, there were facilities for their rest and welfare, which later disappeared as a result of Assyrian incursions. In precise and documented surveys of the Medes, there were no public buildings and facilities for travelers. But at the time of the Achaemenid rule and with the arrival of the King of Cyrus the Great , including his actions, he developed the communications roads that remained until the time of the Medes. Construction, especially of public utilities that was connected with the passenger, such as water storage, caravanserai, Help and … became popular.
Greek writer Herodt says:
King of Cyrus the Great has established the stations to be considered as the primary nucleus of residential units for the comfort of the travelers who crossed these paths, creating 5 km 2 caravanserai. In these caravansaries, Achaemenid chapels were present to the letters of the cemetery And get the government fast.
Among the activities of the Selukian government, it is possible to extend the roads, roads and the construction of such buildings as the caravanserai. The Parthian empire was also built on the side of the Silk Road, which was of great importance, as well as caravansaries.
At the time of the Sasanian , especially alongside the business routes of the public utility facility, more travelers were created for the welfare of the travelers, the Firouzabad Fars caravanserai and the gypsum gate caravanserai.