Batumi is a Black Sea resort and port city in Georgia.
According to Herodotus , the Scythians came to Batumi via Azov (Azaf).
The Batumi in the Achaemenid period was considered as the site of the Achaemenid kings.
The city was built at the site of the old Roman Batu harbor, built by Adriano .
Later, Nestor Ustine from the eastern Roman kings seized there, and after the construction of the Fortress of Petra in the north, Batus lost its importance, and later became a member of the kings’ kingdom.
In 643, Habib ibn Muslma, the Muslim Commander, opened the city of Georgia, including Batumi, to the Muslims.
At the end of the 10th century , Batumi was considered to be Georgia’s united government, and after the breakup of the Georgian empire, the emirs of the Gori settlers settled there.
In the 15th century , the city and the Batumi area were once in the hands of the Ottoman Sultans, and since 1627 they became part of the Ottoman Empire, and apparently from that period, Islam was prevalent there.
In the early days of the reign of Sultan Ahmad III, the people of Georgia rebelled and refused to pay taxes, but the rebellion was suppressed, and the Ottomans built castles in Batumi and several other places. During the reign of Abdul Aziz, the Ottoman mosque was built in the name of Azizia in Batumi.
In 1878 , the Russian troops seized the port and the city of Batumi, and on August 28 the same was handed over to Batumi under the Sanathan , but later it became part of Georgia.
In April 1918 , the Ottoman troops occupied Batumi, and the British troops arrived there the following year.
In June 1919 , the British evacuated Batumi.
After that, the Republic of Georgia was established, but after a short time it collapsed and the Communist Party seized power and Georgia became a member of the Soviet Union .
In March 1921 , due to treaties between the Turkish government and the Soviet Union, a part of Georgia, called Karyz and Ardehan , was left to the Turks, and Batumi remained in Georgia, and on June 16 the same year, became the center of the Socialist Republic of Ajaristan.
The Batumi climate is heavily influenced by the Black Sea air currents, as a result of the major precipitation of rain in most seasons of the year. It has turned Batumi to Georgia’s wettest city. The average temperature in Batumi is 14 ° C (57 ° F). The coldest month of the year is January January with an average temperature of 7 degrees Celsius and August is the hottest month with an average temperature of 22 degrees Celsius. The lowest and highest temperatures recorded in batums are -6 ° C and -40 ° C, respectively. The average annual precipitation is 2,818 mm and the wettest month of September is 335 mm.