Mtskheta ,one of the oldest cities of Georgia (in Kartli province of Eastern Georgia), is located approximately 20 kilometres (12 miles) north of Tbilisi at the confluence of the Aragvi and Kura rivers. Mtskheta is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
Mtskheta was capital of the early Georgian Kingdom of Iberia during the 3rd century BC – 5th century AD. It was a site of early Christian activity, and the location where Christianity was proclaimed the state religion of Kartli in 337. Mtskheta still remains the headquarters of the Georgian Orthodox Church.
From the 6th century
King Dachi I Ujarmeli (beginning of the 6th century AD), who was the successor of Vakhtang I Gorgasali, moved the capital from Mtskheta to the more easily defensible Tbilisi according to the will left by his father. However, Mtskheta continued to serve as the coronation and burial place for most kings of Georgia until the end of the kingdom in the 19th century. The old city lies at the confluence of the rivers Mtkvari and Aragvi. The rare blend of cultural values had ruled in this part of the world since the Bronze Age until prosperous Christian era over the unique eclectic lifestyle creating the mood of the town which is as old as the history of Georgia. Mtskheta is the most religious city of Georgia as it has been the shrine of pagan idols since times immemorial and it is where Christianity in Georgia takes its origin.
Now this city is surrounded by a narrow strip along the coast of the Mtkvry and Arabu River and is almost full length by the mountains. In the past, the city was connected to the fortifications and annexed buildings, which were drawn to the hillsides of the surrounding area, and on the other side of the capital formed a large state center.
History and architecture
The period of growth has begun from the early centuries of the Christian age and continued until the sixth century AD. After the transfer of the capital to Tbilisi in the 6th century AD, Metsakta remains the religious center of the country with numerous churches and cathedrals later built there.
Today is a museum with its precious architectural and architectural monuments. The excavations carried out in and around the city include valuable works from the material examples of the first millennium BC Jesus Christ ( AD ) to the centuries 1-6.
The study of localities, residential buildings and related buildings, as well as numerous household utensils and jewelry, represents the flourishing of the history of the city’s civilization. Metsakta is also known as one of the most important centers of Georgia’s ancient architecture works. When entering the city from the north through the road or from the west by rail, the temple of Jarmari, located above the rocky mountain that is right facing the residential block at the confluence of the river. Javari Temple is one of the most valuable works of ancient architecture of Georgia (64 to 585 AD). This is the oldest example of dome buildings. The monastery building seems to have come out of the cliff to its conical summit. Juice, especially during the night, is more beautiful under illumination.
Right in the center of Metzkhta, the cathedral is a “Suitcoolough”, built at the beginning of the 11th century by the Georgian architect Ares Adidze. It is a huge building due to its beautiful and valuable architecture and the combination of sculptural pieces on a remarkable stone.
Just a short distance from the Cathedral of the Samtovar Monastery , is another prominent example of the architecture of the same era. When approaching the insecurity along the Georgian military road, there is a large stone column on the beach facing Aragua , on the left. This memorial pillar is at the death site of Ilia Chavchawadze , the most famous writer and thinker in Georgia . The city’s population in 2006 was 19423.
Industries and Economics
The main economic component of this region is agriculture, horticulture and sheep breeding, which is the last activity in Tianti Highlands, the massacre and extinction. Georgia’s military roads pass through the region, from Tbilisi to the Russian Federation . The area was closed due to the closure of the Abkhazian route. It is the most important road to Georgia and Russia .
Most of the industry in this area is located in Mechttah and Sharif. In addition, ski tracks are located in the Kuyavia district of this region. The unemployment rate in this region is reported to be 6%.