The city of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is the largest, most populous and most important city in the country. In the past, the official name of the city wasTiflis and was called in the official communications.

Since 1936, the official name of the city has been changed to the same name in the Georgian language, the Tbilisi. The word “Tpili” is a hot word that appears to refer to the hot springs of this city. So we can name Tbilisi as the city of spa springs.

Foreigners are sometimes mistaken in pronouncing the name of this city as the Tibilis, while T is silent in the real name of the city.

Tbilisi, located along the Silk Road, has always been a bridge between the East and the West. Even today, Tbilisi is the transit route to the east and west. The city is on the way from the Caspian oil pipeline to Europe, and in this respect still plays a traditional transit role between the East and the West.

The geographical location of the city has been such that it has been dominated by different empires in different years, and thus both western civilizations and eastern civilizations have been inspired, and this diversity is reflected in the culture and architecture of the city itself.

Today, the city of Tblisi recalls the Rose Revolution. A transformation that led to the overthrow of the corrupt and authoritarian rule of Edward Schwarzenegger without any bleeding. Edward Shevardnadze was able to continue to live with his full security after this change in his house in this city.

Tbilisi’s History

In the traditions and myths of the city, this city is attributed to Vakhtang Gorgasali. Vakhtang encounters a spa sprinkler in the fifth century, and it orders the construction of a city that runs to the city of springs Known as This narrative is not compatible with archaeological finds, since the works of Narikala Fortress show that there was a city in the fourth century. Therefore, we do not consider the Wakhtang king as the expressator of the city of Tbilisi, but the restoration of it.


Tbilisi was not influenced by Afsharian during the reign of Afshariah. Consequently, Qajar Aqa Mohammad Khan was raided in 1759 to conquer the city. In this invasion, the city was massacred and the city was looted. It is said that 15,000 people were murdered in this crime. And many Christian clerics were thrown into the river. This crime is still alive and talked about in the historical memory of the people of Tbilisi.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the people of Georgia were dominated by the Russians to escape the domination of the corrupt and criminal Qajar rulers. In 1801, Tiflis was part of the Russian Empire.

After the liberation from the grip of the criminal Qajar rulers, the growth and development of the city of Tbilisi began. In the first half of the nineteenth century, communication roads were built connecting the city to other cities of the Caucasus, such as Yerevan, Baku, Batumi, Puthi and also to the major cities of Russia. In the fifties of the century, Tbilisi became an important economic and cultural center The city where elders such as Ilia Chavchavadze and Aleksandr Griboyedov lived in it.

Second Chapter

In 1918, one year after the Soviet communist revolution, the people of the Caucasus used the conditions of Russia’s fragile conditions, and once again, autonomous movements and movements came to life. During this period, the people of Tbilisi were able to escape themselves from the yoke of the Russians. In a short period of time, an independent government was formed throughout the Caucasus, where Tbilisi was the capital, and then Tbilisi was the center of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, which was an autonomous republic. But this period did not end there, and in 1921 Georgia became one of the republics The Soviet Union, and again Tbilisi was subjugated by the Russians.

During the Communist era, Tbilisi’s economic and cultural growth was also significant. At that time, important industries were created in this city and Tbilisi was considered one of the most important cultural centers in the Soviet Union.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of Georgia, Tbilisi appeared as a mafia and criminal city. At that time, security in the city was abolished and the city administration was carried out by mafia and site teams. During the rule of Shevardnadze, the westernized dictator of Georgia, despite the relative stability, was still in Tbilisi, an insecure and mafia city. During this period, the city’s economic situation was severely deteriorated. All the industries that were created during the Soviet era were broken down and unemployment and poverty became all-encompassing. The mafia groups in those years auctioned the machines of factories and poured money into their pockets. Many Iranians in those years went to buy cheap Georgian cars.

In 2003, the people of Tbilisi were able to capture the Georgian parliament with a peaceful and protest demonstration in the city of freedom and its surroundings. In this movement, which became known as the Rose Revolution, the military and security forces joined the people and began the new era with the fall of the Shevardnadz rule. Tbilisi is now a safe city, which is rapidly moving towards development.


Geographically, Tbilisi has the same width of Istanbul in Turkey. This city is surrounded by heights. Tbilisi is an ubiquitous city. Its lowest point is 380 meters above sea level and its highest point is 770 meters. In terms of the unevenness of Tbilisi, they are likened to an amphitheater.

The Kura River or Kura Kura passes through the city. The Kurd River, called the Mtkvari, is said to originate from the mountains of Turkey and pours into the Caspian Sea. Some historians have taken the name of the river from the name of Cyrus.

Tbilisi has a mild and semi-humid climate. The average annual temperature in the city is 12.7 ° C. The average temperature in the coldest month of the year, ie January is 0.9 degrees, and in the warmest month of the month, ie July is 24.4 degrees centigrade. The coldest temperature recorded in this city is 23 degrees and the warmest temperature is 40 degrees. The annual rainfall in Tbilisi is 568 mm. The wettest month is May and the driest month is January. The average annual snowfall is between 15 and 25 days.




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